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Special Local (ethical) Products of Lhasa (what to buy in Lhasa)
The best special local products of Lhasa for keeping are the handicrafts and Tibet herbs, as these items have distinctive ethnic features, strong religious flavor and unique artistic styles. There are lots of interesting special items to buy in Tibet such as Tibetan knives, Tibet Carpet, Tibetan Dzi beads,Thangka, masks, etc…Tibetan herbs resound all over the world such as saffron, aweto, horn of chiru ,snow saussurea and so on.

Tibetan Knives or Broadswords in Lhasa
Most minorities have the customs of holding something paraphernalia or vade mecums. The Tibetan has the habit of taking knives along with them. Almost every person takes the broadswords day-to-day. The Tibetan knives or broadswords can be used in work, life, self-protection and decoration. When you are walking in the streets or avenues of Tibet, you will always see the young people with knives or broadswords. Some times, people take no less than one knife.
Tibetan knives or broadswords are time-honored traditional handicrafts. It can be divided in to three kinds: short, long and small. The long knives with the max length can be reached to one meter. The short knives are about 40-centimeter long. Small knives are only about ten centimeters. The knives hilts are made of moo-cow horns or wooden materials. At the same time the horns are twined by silver wires, brass wires or iron wires. The hilt tops are hoop by sheet coppers or iron sheets; some times they are decorated by silver ornaments. The scabbards are special too-steel or silver-plated. The Tibetan knives or broadswords are not the necessary items for Tibetan people; they are now also the very popular items for tourists.
People may hard to imagine that until nowadays, there are many craftsmen of Tibet still keep the archaic methods. The charcoal what they used are lumbered from the mountain. The foundry tools major are hammer, pinchers, steel chisel, steel scissor, steel filing and so on. They can produce out such fancy knives and broadswords by these ordinary tools. How difficult it is!
Tibetan Knives or Broadswords in Lhasa Tibetan Knives or Broadswords in Lhasa

Tibetan Minitype Mats in Lhasa
Tibetan Mats in Chinese is "Ka Dian" which means minitype blanket in Tibetan. It is a kind of indispensability item in Tibetan families. The minitype mats are beddings for Tibet families. An old city of Tibet-Gyantse is a city notable for the minimats. Gyantse is the fourth largest city in Tibet. It is reputed as "the town for minitype mats". This city has history of producing mats for over 160 years. There were carpets in 600 years ago in Gyantse. The handicraft industry there has been famous for a long time. Here almost every one from elders to children is able to knit the blanket. This minitype mat now has above 50 kinds including carpet, tapestry, cushion, back cushion etc. The most notable categories for Ka Dian is tapestry and carpet. Tapestry is a kind of knitted hanging also called arras. The tapestries are used for room decor. Pictures in the tapestries are major in themes of landscapes, flowers, birds, animals, characters and buildings. The arras can embody the traditional Chinese painting, canvas, ornamental painting, and photography arts and so on. The minitype carpets are usually used for seats or for bedding.
Tibetan Minitype Mats in Lhasa Tibetan Minitype Mats in Lhasa

Tibetan Dzi beads in Lhasa
The Tibetan name for Dzi beads is "dzi(ee)". Dzi beads also called "Tian Yan Zhu" in Chinese, which means the eye of the god. Dzi beads are mainly distributed in the Himalayas areas such as Tibet, Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal, Ladakh etc. The Dzi bead is a kind of rare gem and is ragared as the "Heaven Beads" The Tibetan Dzi beads resemble the goodness, fortune, and morals. Dzi bead contains the element of jade and agate and also has the strong magnetic field energy the magnetic filed of Yb is very strong too. At present, only the Tibetan Dzi beads possess such a special magnetic filed. There is a popular legend about the history of Tibetan Dzi beads in Tibet: It is said, the dzi beads were originally the treasures belonged to the "deity". As the treasure had some flaws, the treasures were dismissed from the haven and land to the human world. When they arrived at the human world, they were discovered by Tibetan. So until now, the Tibetan still regarded Dzi beads as the gems from the heaven. The history of the Dzi beads can trace back to 5000 years ago; the Tibetan found this kind of ore and mined it for use. The Dzi beads were used for worship the Buddha Bodhisattva in 641 A.D.. Dzi beads play a very important role in Tibetan culture. Dzi beads are a patterned agate in the shape of cylindrical or tabular. Besides, there are as well oval shape, round shape, oval shape, short shape, and other shapes. They are made from agate and often with decorated symbols composed with circles, ovals, squares, waves, zig zags, stripes, lines, diamonds and many other natural archetypal symbolic patterns. The "eyes" are the circular dot designs on the Dzi beads. And the numbers of eyes embody different meanings. One "eye" represents confidence and strength with brightly shining sun. The double-eye dzi beads are confidence and strength too. The three-eye ones mean the beads can give birth to more and more gems. The four-eye Dzi beads refer to the four Bodhisattvas-Guan Yin (Goddess of Mercy), Wenshu (the Bodhisattva of Wisdom), Puxian (the Bodhisattva of Universal Kindness) and Dizang (the Bodhisattva of the Earth). Then there are five-eye Dzi beads, six-eye, seven-eye… The ore of the Dzi beads has high rigidity. Except the rigidity and magnetic field of the diamond in South Africa are stronger, not others are harder and stronger than the Dzi bead. That is why, only the Tibetan agate having such strong magnetic field and only the Tibetan agate is called Dzi bead. The agates in Brazil, Persia, Russia, India and China other areas such as Taiwan can mot be regarded as the Dzi bead. Due to the unknown and mystery origin and hin demand, there have been unquestionable dzi beads in Asia. The current Dzi beads in market most are manmade. So, when do shopping in the rare and treasure items, you must keep the eyes strictly and do not business so quickly. When buying the Dzi beads, you should get the knowledge of a good quality Dzi bead. There are some characteristics of a dzi bead in good quality: clear, defined lines, good colour contrast between lines and base, good surface skin-texture, etched lines abd base color should be evern and balanced all round the bead (appeal).
Tibetan Dzi beads in Lhasa Tibetan Dzi beads in Lhasa

Tibetan Pulu in Lhasa
Tibet Pulu is a kind of woolen fabrics rich in colors and styles, and it has become a daily necessity in the Tibetan lives. The "Pulu" is the transliteration of the Tibetan. It is a kind of woolen weaved artificially products. The Pulu is the main material for making clothes, shoes and caps and can also as the gifts in ceremonies. The clothing made by Pulu is everlasting and warm. A skilled Tibetan woman can weave 3 meter-long Pulu in one day. The weaved Pulu is originally white with width of 24 centimeters. When it is still white, it can be made into male clothes, and it is often dyed into all kinds of colors according to the fancies of different persons. The most treasured Pulu in Tibet is the Pulu made in Jiedexie.
If you want to shop the Pulu, you can find in the markets. There are often many beautiful, elegant Pulu clothes displayed on the open air markets which are always draw the attention of the passersby.
Tibetan Pulu in Lhasa Tibetan Pulu in Lhasa

Thangka in Lhasa
Thangka also known as "Tanka" is a sort of Tibetan art products. It is a kind of painted or embroidered Buddhist banner which can be hung in a monastery or a family altar and occasionally carried by monks in ceremonial processions. Thangka is a unique art with distinctive features, strong minority flavors and full of life styles. In a unique art style, the themes and contents of Thangka come down to the fields of Tibetan history, Tibetan religion, Tibetan politics, Tibetan culture, Tibetan social lives and many more. Thangka can be reputed as the Tibetan Encyclopedia. It is highly respect by Tibetan. Thangka is similar to the scroll-paintings in Han Chinese areas mainly painted on cloth or papers then mounted by silk. According to the technique and materials, the Thangka can be grouped into several types. It is divided into two broad categories: one category is painted; another is made of silk or by embroidery. In these two broad categories, there are as well detail types: Tson-tang is painted in colors which is the most common type; go-tang; black background which means gold line on a black; block prints are paper or cloth outlined renderings by woodcut, etc; embroidery Thangka; gold background ones; and the ones with red background.
Thangka features painting a picture of a Buddha in a paper of cloth in 60-centimeter wide and 90-centimeter long. Then started from top left corner, it is drawn a rounded story about the Buddha in the center. The story is arranged in clockwise from the top left corner. A skilled Thangka -maker needs a month time to complete a piece of Thangka. As every Thangka must under a special Buddhism process, it is a thing really worth for keep.
Thangka in Lhasa Thangka in Lhasa

Tibetan Masks in Lhasa
The Tibetan masks are craftworks derived from the religion art and folk performance art, endowed with a high value of collection. They are made of strong and durable materials such as wooden, copper, clay, wax cloth etc. The masks are used in Tibetan drama, Qiang Mu in temples and Tibetan country dances. Do the Tibetan masks are mainly divided in to three categories: religionary mask, drama mask and country dance (or folk dance) mask.
Tibetan religionary masks:
Whenever in important feast day, every temple in Tibet will hold ceremonies, called Qiang Mu. So the masks in ritual are used. The religionary masks refer to the all masked related to all kinds images of deities and the Buddha (major are masks for characters). During the ritual, the performers would hold mask over the head. As there is no hole in the mask for seeing, the dancers often lift the mask up to see where they are going. The major function of the masks in rituals is to drive out monsters and demons. These masks used in Tibetan religion with varied styles and large size are often eerie in models, flamboyant in colors and peculiar in shapes. Those masks are mysterious, high-sounding and fantastic. Famous religionary masks are Dharmapala mask, Man with a mustache, large processional mask of Bhairab, wooden mask of man, cham dance deer mask, copper gilt bodhisattva, terracotta Bhariab mask, monkey king mask, Tamang man mask, cham lion mask, painted copper Bhairab mask, etc.
Tibetan drama or opera masks:
These masks are frequently used among Tibetan. It can be divided into white masks and blue masks, and types of facial makeup in operas or dramas can be king, price, princess, immortals, monster, ghosts and dramatis personae, etc.
Tibetan folk dance masks:
Masks of Tibetan have many purposes according to different people and difference places. Tibetan folk dance masks are in a fact a masks used in Shuo Chang Performing. The Shuo Chang Performing is a genre of popular entertainment consisting mainly of talking and singing. These masks are yak dance, waist-drum dance, Zhe Ga and Jida Jimu etc.
Tibetan Com
Tibetan Masks in Lhasa Tibetan Masks in Lhasa

Tibetan Costume in Lhasa
The Tibetan costume has a very long history. Clothes can reflect people" ethos, beliefs, history and culture, and also can reflect the geography condition of the living places. Tibetan people have created their special garments and adornments. Entering Tibet, the traditional Tibetan clothes, especially the lady clothes is conspicuous. Tibetan clothes has unique minority flavor and in some extend as similar as the far-back Han costume, but also different from the ancient Han nationality clothes. The representative fabric of Tibetan costume is with loose waist, long sleeves, wide front of a garment, cross collar and loincloth. The clothes in pasturing area of Tibet such as fur gown, waistcoat, brocade gown for officials and nobles. Tibetan clothes mainly are made by Pulu (a kind of handmade woolen in Tibet), worsted, animal fur and hair. Tibetan clothes major composed of a robe and a shirt. The robes are broad, and often secured with two red, blue or green cloth belts. As the robes are broad and with out pockets, the robes are fastened at the waist offering plenty room to store daily necessities.
Northern Tibet is the capacious grassland and gravel Gobi. People there lead a nomadic lifestyle in the natural mountainous pastures. The weather there at night has a huge disparity from the daytime. There are teemed with sheepskins, so there are lots of Tibetan robes made of the sheepskin. The sheepskin robes are loose-bodied and thick, so they are clothes on daytime and taken as quilt at nights by herbs. During the daytime, people go sleeveless (or only wear the left sleeve) tying the remaining leaves around the waist. The sheepskin robes are usually with bare sheepskin, some times there are black –velveteen, corduroy or woolen cloth edges hemmed on areas such as cuffs, lapel, front or laps (skirt) and so on. Women in Northern Tibet wear sheepskin robes too. The aprons which they wear are decorated with colorful cloth stripes. Tibetan wearing colorful clothes waking under the blue sky and snow white clouds is a wonderful picture.
Farmers who live in the warm and damp Southern Tibet wear clothes made of tweed. The tweed is also a kind of handmade wool clothes. Both men and women wear clothes buttoned up to the right and fastened a belt at the waist.
Lhasa has a pleasant climate, warmer and damper than other areas in Tibet. Lhasa has been the center of political, economy, culture and religion of Tibet for a long time. The costumes in Lhasa are famous for neat formation and canonical design. Ladies in Lhasa wear short-sleeved summer wears made of wollens, cloth or silk. They also wear Tibetan style shirt inside. The married ladies tie the colorful bests at waist weaved by silk threads or caddices. In winter they wear budge Tibetan costumes with long sleeves. Mankind in summer wear double-layered robes made of wollens or cloth. They wear hat over head and fur boots.
Shopping the Tibetan clothes:
Shops on Bhakor Street provide wide options of Tibetan costumes for visitors. If it is inconvenient to carry, you can deliver the items home from the post office on Beijing Road. You may also consider of buying come beautiful aprons home, which is convenient for taking along with.
Tibetan Costume in Lhasa Tibetan Costume in Lhasa

Tibetan Hats in Lhasa
Tibetan has frequent windstorms, cold weather, strong sunshine and sand blown by wind, so people there prefer to wear hats. There are various kinds of hats in Tibet. According to seasons, the hat in Tibet can be broadly classified into winter and summer hats. The hats can also fall into several major styles such as four-flap hat, fox hat, bowler hat, and lambskin hat, terai, Xamo Gyaise, Sang Ge Si You, cavalier hat and so on. Among these hats, the terai and Xamo Gyaise are the two most age-old hats in Tibet.
Xamo Gyaise is a hat decorated by golden flowered satin and golden riband. And the main hat body is made of Pulu and fur and the hat edge is made of felt. At the top of the hat there are many golden satin embroidered with all kinds beautiful patters. The fringe is decorated with golden threads. The hat has for wings; the front and back wings are bigger, and the left and the right wings are smaller. The Xamo Gyaise is a kind of hat popular among both females and males, both young people and old people. But for different persons, there are different styles, and also different wearing methods. Tibetan terai is made of white felt (covered by white cloth) and the brim of the hat is covered by black cloth. Tibetan terai usually with broad edges turning over to the sky and has a fastigium hat body. Most Tibetan persons love wearing terai. A Tibetan in good quality costs about 400 to 500 RMB. Lades in Tibet prefer wearing white terai.
Sang Ge Si You is a kind of hat in summer for women in dustpan shape. The framework is made by four bamboo stripes, sallows or chopsticks. The outside material is black cloth bordered by flowered satin or silk satin. The brim of the hat can hang over the forehead which is adumbral.
Fox-fur hat is a very popular hat in winter in Tibet that almost every person wears it in winter. All fox fur hat are handmade by herbs. Tibetan fox fur hats are varied in shapes and beautiful. Among the florid Tibetan trappings, the fox-fur hats are particularly remarkable.
Four-flap hat is famous for four flaps. It is also named the golden terai. These four-flap hats are very popular in towns and villages. The four-flap hat for men and for women has tiny differences in body. The man-style four flap hat in the shape of a cylinder-round and high, while the woman-style four flap hat is in the shape of an oval-short. At the foot of hat canister, there are four symmetrical flaps mostly made of woolen cloth. Most of the four-flap hats are made of otter fur or fur of other valuable animals.
Lambskin hat is popular in pasturing areas of Tibet. It is made of high quality lambskin in solid color. The lambskin hat is cheap and in varied shapes. All of them are featuring small and short hat-body.
Tibetan Hats in Lhasa Tibetan Hats in Lhasa

Tibetan Wood Bowl in Lhasa
Tibetan wood bowl is very popular among all Tibetan people. Wood bowl is a vade mecum for Chinese minorities of Tibetan, Monpa and the Lhoba. People regard the wood bowl as their lover and always take it with. They will carry the bowl in clothes when they are laboring. Even as a guest to other place, they will take the bowl wit them and use the wood bowl of their selves. The wood bowls are mainly produced in these counties in Tibet such as Tsonag County, Gyaca County, Monpa County, Zayu County, and Gyirong. Among these counties, Gyaca country is the most famous one for wood bowls which is also famous for apples and walnuts. The materials of the wood bowl usually are birches. The birches with more knots are better as materials of making bowls. It is not a simple thing to make wool bowl. There are four five steps. First is to choose the ideal wood. Second is to air-dry the woods. The third step of the adobe making. Then well polish the bowl surface. At last color the wood bowl. It is colored by the juice of a kind of a grass in Tibet. Monpa wool bowls as well are well known. Monpa wood bowls are formed be circles and curves. They are made of roots or knots of the hardwoods such as cypress, willow and birch. Monpa wood bowls are divided into 3 sorts: one kind of wood bowls edged by silver are really god-given collections. Then all the wood bowls of Tibet are convenient, endurable, slippery and beauty, and the most important thing is the wood bowl can keep the food fresh.
Tibetan Wood Bowl in Lhasa Tibetan Wood Bowl in Lhasa

Gold and Silver or other Ornaments in Lhasa
Tibetan no matter men or women, old persons or young persons, they all like to decorate their selves. And gold and silver ornaments are traditional Tibetan handcrafts. Festivals will provide more opportunities for tourists viewing and enjoying the Tibetan costumes and ornaments. The ornaments are also the status and identity of a people and as well the fortune. Tibetan ornaments can be generally divided into bangles, finger rings, necklaces and headgears. They wear gold and silver decorations in the long braids, large earrings and necklaces, and strings of metal coins around their waists. Tibetan ornaments are made of potteries, stones, seashells, corals, agates, cattle bones, silver, gold, ambers, coloured glazes, beeswax and so on. The Tibetan ornaments are rich and colorful in styles, but all in a common feature-natural and simple. Shopping Tibetan ornaments in Lhasa are not difficult as there are many booths and stores both open air and inside. But, when you want to buy them, you would better check the quality carefully and haggle at your endeavor.
Gold and Silver or other Ornaments in Lhasa Gold and Silver or other Ornaments in Lhasa

Tibet Milk Products in Lhasa
Tibetan milk products are one of the four treasures in Tibet. As there are lots of sheep and milch cow in Tibet, there are many milk products there. As the important foods for Tibetan, its milk products are famous for fresh. The most popular milk products are yoghurts and milk sediments. Yoghurts can also be divided into two sorts; one is cheese named "Da Xue" in Tibetan and the other is "E Xue". Tibetan cheese is made of milk that has been extracted the ghee and the other one is milk without extracting. Yoghurt is rich in nutrition and easy to assimilation, so it is very suitable for old persons and children. The milk sediments are the substance after the milk had been refined to ghee; and then after boiling to form in to milk sediments. The milk sediments can be made into milk cake and milk pieces, etc. When boiling the milk, people can take off the creme which is tasty and shaped like bean curd skin.
Tibet Milk Products in Lhasa Tibet Milk Products in Lhasa

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